Images of A. ludoviciana Ellis & Everh. are given on the left. Studies on this genus are largely restricted to temperate regions or certain host plants. Monographic studies are in great need. Some references can be found below.
* Francis, S. M. 1975. Anthostomella Sacc. (Part I). Mycol. Pap. 139: 1-97.
* Hyde, K. D. 1996. Fungi from palms. XXVI. The genus Anthostomella, with ten new species. Nova Hedwigia 62: 273-340.
* Rappaz, F. 1995. Anthostomella and related xylariaceous fungi on hard wood from Europe and North America. Mycologia. Helv. 7: 99-150;168.

This genus has the following characteristics:

stromatal tissue quantity: distributed only above perithecial layer
stromatal layers: unipartite
stromatal surface level: immersed
stromatal orange granules surrounding perithecia: absent
stromatal KOH pigments: absent
stromatal conidium-bearing discs: absent
stromatal aggregation: not forming a crust
stromatal shapes: other than wiry
coremial pegs or remnants: absent
subiculum: absent
substrates: associated with substrates other than dung or insect nests
ascomatal number per stroma: mostly uniperitheciate
ascomatal ostioles: present
ascomatal configurations: not valsoid
ascomatal orientation: mostly oriented vertically
ascal apical rings: present
ascus height vs width: usually higher than wide or usually lower than wide
ascospore cell number: one-celled
ascospore shapes: other than cuboid
ascospore color: colored
ascospore ornamentation: smooth
ascospore germination site morphology: slit-like
perispore dehiscence: indehiscent
anamorphs: Nodulisporium-like or Libertella-like
cultural gross morphology on oatmeal agar: not highly furrowed or distorted