This name does not belong to Ascovirgaria, Biscogniauxia, Creosphaeria, Daldinia, Discoxylaria, Entoleuca, Hypoxylon, Jumillera, Kretzschmaria, Kretzschmariella, Nemania, Stilbohypoxylon, Vivantia, or Whalleya.
(The accepted or suggested disposition is indicated by an asterisk (*), if there is any.)

Hypoxylon insidens (Schwein.: Fr.) Ellis & Everh., N. Amer. Pyren., p. 653. 1892.

º Sphaeria insidens Schwein., Schriften Naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1: 39. 1822; Schwein.: Fr., Syst. Mycol. II, p. 422. 1823.

U.S.A.: North Carolina, Salem & Pennsylvania, Bethlehem, Syn. 1436, (PH, HOLOTYPE; K [as no. 9011], ISOTYPE of Sphaeria insidens); Pennsylvania, Bethlehem, Syn. 1436, Collins Coll. 180, as Sphaeria insidens (PH).

= * Immotthia atrograna (Cooke & Ellis) Barr

The cited specimens contain the stromata of a Hypoxylon, possibly H. perforatum (Schwein.: Fr.) Fr., which is heavily parasitized by Immotthia atrograna (Cooke & Ellis) Barr and its sphaeropsidaceous state. Schweinitz's protologue (1822) clearly indicates that it is this parasitizing fungus that he intended to describe. Fries (1828) listed S. insidens Schwein.: Fr. as a synonym of Sphaeria atramentosum Fr.: Fr. This is unacceptable because the former is not the same as any of the three fungi associated with the latter name [see the entry of H. atramentosum (Fr.: Fr.) Sacc in this list].


Jack D. Rogers
Yu-Ming Ju
Michael J. Adams