Images of several species are given on the left: Camillea heterostoma (Mont.) Laessøe, J. D. Rogers, & Whalley, C. bilabiata Speg., C. cyclops (Mont.) Berk. & M. A. Curtis, C. leprieurii Mont., and C. mucronata Mont. A recent revision on the genus can be found below.
* Laessøe, T., J. D. Rogers, and A. J. S. Whalley. 1989. Camillea, Jongiella and light-spored species of Hypoxylon. Mycol. Res. 93: 121-155.

This genus has the following characteristics:

stromatal tissue quantity: distributed above, around, and beneath perithecia
stromatal layers: bipartite
stromatal surface level: erumpent or superficial
stromatal interior: essentially homogeneous
stromatal orange granules surrounding perithecia: absent
stromatal KOH pigments: absent
stromatal conidium-bearing discs: absent
stromatal bases: sessile and attached to substrate entirely
stromatal aggregation: not forming a crust
stromatal shapes: other than wiry
coremial pegs or remnants: absent
subiculum: absent
substrates: associated with substrates other than dung or insect nests
ascomatal number per stroma: mostly multiperitheciate
ascomatal ostioles: present
ascomatal configurations: valsoid or not valsoid
ascomatal diameter: less than 2 mm
ascomatal orientation: mostly oriented vertically
ascal apical rings: present
ascus height vs width: usually lower than wide
ascospore cell number: one-celled
ascospore shapes: other than cuboid
ascospore color: hyaline
ascospore ornamentation: smooth or pitted
ascospore germination site morphology: absent
perispore dehiscence: indehiscent
anamorphs: Nodulisporium-like
form-genera: Xylocladium Syd. ex Lindau
cultural gross morphology on oatmeal agar: not highly furrowed or distorted