Images of S. phoenix (Kunze) S. C. Jong & E. E. Davis are given on the left. Further information can be found below.
* Jong, S. C., and E. E. Davis. 1974. Stromatic Neurosporas. Mycologia 63: 862-876..
* Rogers, J. D., Y.-M. Ju, and D. E. Hemmes. 1992. Hypoxylon rectangulosporum sp. nov., Xylaria psidii sp. nov., and comments on taxa of Podosordaria and Stromatoneurospora. Mycologia 84: 166-172.

This genus has the following characteristics:

stromatal tissue quantity: distributed above, around, and beneath perithecia
stromatal layers: unipartite
stromatal surface level: erumpent or superficial
stromatal interior: essentially homogeneous
stromatal orange granules surrounding perithecia: absent
stromatal KOH pigments: absent
stromatal conidium-bearing discs: absent
stromatal bases: stipitate or, if sessile, conspicuously constricted
stromatal aggregation: not forming a crust
stromatal shapes: other than wiry
coremial pegs or remnants: absent
subiculum: absent
substrates: associated with substrates other than dung or insect nests
ascomatal number per stroma: mostly multiperitheciate
ascomatal ostioles: present
ascomatal configurations: not valsoid
ascomatal orientation: mostly oriented vertically
ascal apical rings: present
ascospore cell number: one-celled
ascospore shapes: other than cuboid
ascospore color: colored
ascospore ornamentation: striated
ascospore germination site morphology: slit-like
perispore dehiscence: indehiscent
anamorphs: unknown